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CULTURE AND  CHRISTIANITr            II5.

tarnished the purity of culture, adapted it to
the interests of the bourgeois classes.   In prin-
ciple, the creative minds in culture were given
:omplete   liberty,   but   actually   they   suffered
material pressure, loneliness, poverty and lack
3f comprehension.- Many  of the  creators  of
rulture of the liberal, bourgeois epoch, longed
:or a " popular " or an " organic " culture.    But
social isolation is a characteristic phenomenon
br the culturally creative minds in a bourgeois
ipoch.    There have been times when thinkers
vere proud  of their isolation and  strove to
:emain within it.    Sometimes it was a group
hat was  isolated,  a remote and lonely elite.
Ancient Greek culture was religious, truly popu-
ar, " organic/*    But this was quite another sort
>f popularity from that of our democratic day,
ince  the  masses  were  part  of a  religiously
anctified hierarchic organism.    There was no
;reat  gap   between  the  intellectual  class  and
KDpular life.    This was a  " socially-dictated"
ulture  in  the  good  sense  of the  word,  an
ğrder which permitted and even postulated an
ristocratiq, qualitative basis for culture.    The
idividualism   of   the   Renaissance  and  bour-
eois epochs is foreign to the Greek type of
ulture.

The culture of ancient Greece was a culture
socially dictated" to a greater extent than is